Dyspepsia is really one of the most frequent ailments of the gut (intestines), impacting approximately 20% of individuals within America. Unfortunately only about half of those affected really seek medical care for their indigestion.
Dyspepsia isn’t a particularly great name for the ailment because it indicates that there’s “dyspepsia” or strange digestion of foods, which most likely isn’t the situation. Actually, another common name for dyspepsia is indigestion, which, for exactly the same cause, isn’t any better compared to the term dyspepsia! Physicians often refer to the affliction as non-ulcer dyspepsia.
It isn’t surprising that lots of gastrointestinal disorders are related to indigestion. However, many non-gastrointestinal disorders also have been related to indigestion. Some examples of the latter are diabetes, thyroid disorder, hyperparathyroidism (overactive parathyroid glands), and acute kidney disease. It isn’t clear, however, how these non-gastrointestinal disorders might cause indigestion.
Another important source of indigestion is medication. It seems that several prescription drugs are often related to indigestion, for example, non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs such asibuprofen), antibiotics, and estrogens. Actually, most medicines are documented to cause indigestion in at least some individuals.
An Abnormal Functioning of Muscles and Nerves
As mentioned previously, most dyspepsia (not because of non-gastrointestinal disorders or medications) is considered to be because of abnormal function of the muscles in the organs of the GI tract or the nerves controlling the organs. The nervous control of the gastrointestinal tract, nevertheless, is complicated.
A system of nerves runs the whole span of the gastrointestinal tract in the esophagus to the rectum within the muscle walls of the organs. These nerves communicate with several other nerves that go to and from your spinal cord. Nerves inside the spinal cord, consequently, go to and from your brain (The GI tract is surpassed in the quantities of nerves it contains only by the spinal cord and brain). Consequently, abnormal function of the body’s nervous system in indigestion might happen in a gastrointestinal muscle organ, the spinal cord, or the brain.
The nervous system controlling the gastrointestinal organs, as with other organs, has both sensory and motor nerves. The sensory nerves always feel what’s occurring (activity) within the organ and relay this information to nerves within the organ’s wall. From there, info can be relayed to the spinal cord and brain. The info is obtained and processed within the organ’s wall, the spinal cord, or the brain. Then, based on this particular sensory input as well as how the input is processed, commands (responses) are delivered to the organ via the motor nerves.
Another possible source of indigestion is bacterial overgrowth of the small bowel (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO), even though the frequency with which this illness causes indigestion has not yet been determined. The relationship between overgrowth and indigestion should be pursued because most of the indications of indigestion are also indications of bacterial overgrowth. Overgrowth may be identified by hydrogen breath-testing and it is treated mainly with antibiotics.